Deciphering Through the Bull

Recently, I was looking over a bull sale and noticed the cooperators had gone out and determined how they would base quality rather than using the mainstream tried and proven way to do so. Here are their quality parameters in blue.

Quotes from Powerline Genetics Bull Sale catalog 2/13/2016

When using EPDs it is best to compare the values of potential herd candidates. The difference between two candidates for some trait indicates the potential increase or decrease in that trait. However, profit is rarely based on a single trait and will be based on a combination of performance measures associated with growth, feed efficiency, and carcass value.

Instead of using the tried and proven method already outlined in American Simmental Association using all the traits of economic importance like CE, BW, WW, YW, ADG, MCE, Milk, MWW, DOC, CW, YG, Marb, BF, REA and Shear; Indexes API and TI and based on sound science; this group decided that only WW, Feed Conversion, CW and Carcass Quality are needed to assist you in your buying decisions and preferences.

They go on to explain their Index called the Power Bull Index (PBI):

A powerful tool that simplifies the selection process is the Power Bull Index (PBI), combining the genetic and profit potential for a bull based on his genetic merit for growth, efficiency and carcass. The index value is measured in dollars per calf marketed.

They reiterate their quality parameters associated with their Index.

The relative emphasis put on traits includes weaning weight (25%), feed conversion (20%), carcass weight (30%), and carcass quality (25 %)

They give you how each quality parameter is weighted in the computation of their Index PBI. On to an example below:

As an example in using the PBI, in Table 2 we present three potential herd bull candidates. Last year Buyer A purchased a bull with a 115 PBI and was very pleased with the calves overall performance but would like to see a slight increase in weaning.

He is interested in either Bull A or B. In order to see the increase in WW desired, Bull B would potentially bring higher calf weaning weights for this buyer.

Alternatively, Buyer B retains ownership on his calves through finishing and markets his feeders on the grid. He is looking to maintain a high percentage of calves grading choice with Yield Grades of 1 or 2. With the highest PBI value of the three bulls and superior REA and MARB and with above average WW performance Bull C is likely the best herd sire candidate for Buyer B.

                 Table 2

          Index                  EPD’s
Bull     PBI        WW     REA     Marb
  A        115           30     0.30      0.25
  B        115           35      0.32     0.20
  C        120          30     0.35      0.30

This looks a lot like a common core math problem to me. Now on to their new definitions:

EPD DEFINITIONS

• BIRTH WEIGHT (BW) – in pounds, predicts the weight at birth of the bull’s progeny compared to progeny of other bulls. A bull with a BW EPD of -1 is expected to have progeny which average 3 lb lighter than progeny of a bull with an EPD of +2.

—————————————————————————

• WEANING WEIGHT (WW) – in pounds is a measure of the weaning growth of a bull’s progeny minus maternal milk production.

This has been altered to fit their needs with the addition of minus Maternal Milk production. You will see later in some of their choices in Sire, with very low MM.

• YEARLING WEIGHT (YW) – evaluates adjusted weight performance to 365 days. Yearling weight is highly correlated to carcass weight and mature size.

This has been altered, as well, with more rhetoric trying to substantiate their Index

• CARCASS WEIGHT (CW) – predictor of an animal’s finish weight in pounds.

 This statement is reaching as well —

• RIBEYE AREA (REA) – measured in square inches between the 12th and 13th rib and adjusted to 365 days. This is a good predictor of the total amount of muscle in the carcass and is highly related to carcass weight.

That, I striked through is an addition to what REA actually stands for, just more rhetoric trying to prove their Index.

• MARBLING (MARB) – This is a 365-day adjusted marbling score measured in USDA marbling degrees. This is the primary factor in USDA quality grades.

More included rhetoric here with adjusted and degrees

• DRY MATTER INTAKE (DMI) – reported in pounds of feed consumed per day with a lower numeric value being associated with less feed consumed on a dry matter basis. When comparing two bulls a lower number indicates lesser feed intake for comparable gains.

—————————————————————————

• POWER BEEF INDEX (PBI) – provides a balanced indicator of a bull’s profitability based on a combination of weaning performance, carcass weight, carcass quality and feed intake.
Adapted from EPD Basics and Definitions, Matt Spangler, Univ. of Nebraska, http://www.ebeef.org.

Again a reiteration of what is included in the PBI Index —

For real definitions of the EPD’s and Indexes associated with Simangus™ you can find those here.

Now scrape your boots off as we enter the sale tent — a look at the bulls. I find it quite interesting that all the bulls associated with this sale are not registered with the American Simmental Association (ASA).

Registration numbers would have been really helpful when making bull buying decisions because looking at EPD’s and Indexes based on Sound Science have a higher degree of reliability than a set of made up quality parameters that only further the agendas of a few co-operating chuckleheads. 

Also, interesting, the Dam’s side of the genetics aren’t published, so there is no way of finding the genetics of the Maternal Grand Sire (MGS). Bulls are made genetically by their Sire and MGS. More smoke and mirrors. 

Lastly, we as potential bull buyers are left with the Reference Sires as we try to determine the worth of the bulls in question. A person would have to travel the world over to find this many low quality, low grade reference sires, sons —  assembled under one tent. 

Here are the Reference Sires:

W/C UNITED 956Y; Carcass Merits in the Abyss Low API and TI
QUAKER HILLRAMPAGE 0A3; Carcass Merits in the Abyss Low API and TI for a PBAN
GAR-EGL PROTEGE; ok Carcass Merits, Lots of Negative fat, mediocre CE and MCE, red gene carrier and lower API and TI
V A R GENERATION 2100; More mediocre genetics – weak API and TI carcass merits in the abyss
K C F BENNETT ABSOLUTE; No MM pretty weak carcass merits, we used him a little this year, but better Sires out there
CCRCOWBOY CUT; I saw this bull and just laughed Double Legacy Inbred Garbage
A A R TEN X 7008 S A; excellent PBAN Bull –only 1 calf in the sale — sadly – at least someone knows a good bull when they see it.
PROTEGE PROFIT; unknown — I’m sure a real Prize.
THOMAS UP RIVER; never heard of this bull looked him up Carcass Merits in the Abyss LOW API and TI
CONNEALYCOUNSELOR; lots of negative fat found 43 head of progeny out there — not too impressive
TSN PROTEGE; never heard of this bull / more Legacy crap genetics and WLE Power Stroke junk; more low API and TI stuff
CONNEALY FINAL PRODUCT; never heard of this bull API and TI in the abyss — not worth my time
V A R RESERVE; never heard of this bull either — look at that MM wow — low API and TI negative fat —
EF COMPLEMENT;never heard of this bull — terrible carcass merits to make a low PBI – poor choice
EXAR UPSHOT; more third tier Angus — some Program risk on Genetic defects and more really weak API and TI stuff
SA V BRUISER;never heard of this bull more dismal carcass merits again for what you are trying to prove in PBI
IRONWOOD NEW ERA;never heard of this bull — wow fabulous numbers perhaps to fill a slot
HOOKS ACHILLES; 600U four times in his background; not bad numbers just an inbred mongrel
HLVW TIDE MASTER; Upgrade who is vastly inbred garbage on top of Grandmaster garbage, terrible choice in a bull
R5 MONUMENT;never heard of this bull — terrible API and TI another interesting choice in a herd sire low IMF negative fat
TJSHARPER IMAGE; dismal CE  BW MM Carcass merits low APi and TI for 2016
GLS FRONTIER; more mediocre crap genetics from 2003
Scalebuster11-383; unknown
TRAXS VELOCITY Y7;more Legacy crap genetics – carcass merits in the abyss
ELLINGSONLEGACY M229;more Legacy crap genetics, crap for growth, Stay, WW, YW — terrible choice and inbred 600U
JF RANCHER 222Z; terrible in so many ways – CE BW ADG MCE MM DOC CW Marb Shr API – sad
REMINGTON LOCK N LOAD54U; of CNS DO fame – more Legacy – terrible EPD’s and Indexes
HLVW CHANGING TIMES; just down right Pathetic with a capital P
GLS COMBINATIONR2;never heard of this bull below average API mostly due to terrible CE BW and Marb
CNS DREAM ON L186; more Legacy — all we really had in 2004 have some semen in my tank if ya know anyone wanting it
YON FUTURE FOCUS T21;may be a typo in your sale sheet T219 maybe — more mediocrity, negative fat
S A V 004 TRAVELER;all these 004’s were terrible
HC HUMMER 12M; the essence of Mediocrity from 2002
S6-1000; unknown

My advice to bull buyers is to purchase your Simangus™ bulls based on the quality parameters within American Simmental Association.

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